During the industrial revolution, the idea of mass production and distribution flourished. Large factories with machinery were installed. Workers in the factory work with the machines that produce various products which are then sold. Factory discipline came into existence. People started working for a specified number of hours a day in set patterns.
In those times, roughly the productivity of a worker is largely dictated by the productivity of the machine in which he worked on. If a machine is capable of producing 100 bottles a day, then the productivity of the worker is also the same. The output of the worker can only increase when the output of the machine increases. This is one of the main reasons for the fixed hours work culture to come into existance. The management team can clearly know in advance how much the factory can produce based on the number of hours the machine and the worker works. This is the era in which time and productivity are very tightly coupled.
Fast forward to the current times and see the life of a consultant or an IT engineer. The basic guideline still is to work for nine hours a day. The assumption is that the employee would produce a specified units of work in those nine hours. One of the common feedback from an appriser to the apprisee at the end of the year is the time the appraisee spends at work. Even if an employee has never missed deadlines, he would still be pulled up for not putting enough hours at work or for not working on the weekends.
Are we still living in the industrial revolution era? High end job needs free thinking and every person's productivity is different. An employee should be paid for the amount of his output rather then the time spent in office. Clearly, the time and productivity link is much weaker now when compared to the previous era. In organisations like Wipro, it is mandatory to spend specified number of hours at work even though the employee is perfectly capable of producing the output by working lesser hours. How does an organistion reward an employee with higher productivity, or punish less productive workers? Is it fair to judge an emplyee with the time he spends in office everyday, rather than his output?
One of my friends used to work till late night and work from home after that as well. One day, after completing his work, he sent a mail at 1 AM to his manager informing her that the work was complete. The next day when the manager asked him whether he worked until very late in the night, he said yes with a big smile on his face. The manager looked at him for a minute and said "Plan your work properly next time and try to be more productive"
Isint that the difference between a man and a machine?